Профессия «бухгалтер» в английских странах: требования, квалификации.

14. Прочитайте следующий текст и переведите его на русский язык. Найдите ответы на следующие вопросы:

1.WhatdoesBusiness Skills Development element cover?

2. What must students also write in the 3rd year?

3.What University can you get a BSc in Accounting and Finance?

4. Where can they work?

5.When dostudents study courses in personal management, marketing and business and company law?

with or without competence – со знанием или без enjoy – пользоваться Despite – не смотря на high entry requirements – высокие вступительные требования Exceed – превышать
places available – имеющиеся места an essential ingredient – важная составляющая concept – понятие are widely used – широко используются The distinctive feature – отличительная черта so called – так называемый along with – наряду с crucial – важный compulsory – обязательный on a topic of their own choosing – по теме, которую они сами выбрали  

6. What year gives students a basic knowledge of the business context?

 

The University of Birmingham offers a course in accounting and finance with or without competence in a foreign language. The faculty enjoys popularity in Britain. Despitehigh entry requirements the number of applicants usually exceeds the number of places available. The well-established four-year program gets you a BSc in Accounting and Finance.

The first year gives students a basic knowledge of the business context in which accounting takes place. They study subjects such as economics, statistics, law and finance. Accounting and finance form an essential ingredient in any modern organization. The students are supposed to learn such concepts as "profit and loss", "cost", and «value of money". These terms are widely used in the business world.

The distinctive feature of the first year course is its so called Business Skills Development element. It covers word processing spreadsheets and databases along with a written presentation. All these skills are crucial in the business world.

Second-year work builds on students’ basic accounting and finance knowledge. And it completes students’ essential business studies with courses in personal management, marketing and business and company law.

In the 3rd year compulsory accounting and finance courses bring technical competence to a high level. Along with this there are options on marketing, taxation, strategic management, small business studies and computing. The students must also write an extended essay on a topic of their own choosing.

tutorial system – университетская система прикрепления студентов к отдельным консультантам Attention — внимание Excellent – отличный Facilities – средства take a degree – получать степень as — в качестве

The personal tutorial system ensures that all students get the attention they need. Teaching is done by lectures and in small classes. There are excellent IT facilities at the University. At the end of the course of studies the students take a degree. After the graduation they work as professional accountants in business, finance and management.

 

А. Заполните таблицу «Список учебных дисциплин». Сравните дисциплины, которые преподают в университете Бирмингема с теми дисциплинами, которые преподают Вам.

The University of Birmingham The 1st year  
the 2nd year  
the 3rd year  
Volgograd college of gas and oil The 1st year  
the 2nd year  
the 3rd year  

14. б. Вставьте в предложение пропущенное слово:a BSc, high entry requirements, three-year program, enjoy popularity, competence in a foreign language, gives a basic knowledge, take a degree, graduate, write an extended essay on a chosen topic, in the business world.

1. Many universities and colleges have ________________________________.

2. Nowadays working professions don’t ________________among young people.

3. Elementary school ___________________ in reading, writing and arithmetic.

4. After the graduation from a university you will ___________ in accounting.

5._______________ means a Bachelor of Science.

6. Some students find it difficult to _____________________________________.

7. If you_________________from a university you will be able to find work as professional accountants in business, finance and management.

8. Our college offers our students a well-established_______________________.

9. To be a success ____________________ it is compulsory to be competent.

10. If you want to work for a foreign company your _______________________ is of great importance.

Учим термины.

192. The faculty — факультет

193. Entry requirements – вступительные требования

194. Applicant — абитуриент

195. a BSc in Accounting and Finance – степень бакалавра в области бухгалтерского учета и финансов

196. graduate – оканчивать учебное заведение

197. statistics — статистика

15. Прочитайте следующий текст и переведите его на русский язык. Дайте перевод выделенных слов без словаря. Вставьте в текст следующие цифровые выражения:

1. in more than 140

2. a minimum of three years’

3. almost 100 years ago

4. one in June and one in December

5. over 200

6. 10 years

7. about 250,000

8. two streams

Recognize – признавать Currently – в настоящее время Syllabus – учебный план Comprehensive – всесторонний, обширный Skill – навык required for – требуемые для The broad range of – широкий диапазон a depth of high quality – глубокие, качественные throughout – на протяжении in order – по порядку In particular– в частности As well as – как и In addition to – в добавок к Successfully – успешно

THE ASSOTIATION OF CHARTERED CERTIFIED ACCOUNTANTS (ACCA)

The ACCA is a well-established educational institutionrecognised and respected throughout the world. It was founded……………………………… and currently it has …………………………students from different countries of the world. The ACCA operates………………….. examination centers………………………… countries. It offers a range of various and adapted papers. The ACCA syllabus aims at developing a comprehensive understanding of the knowledge, skills and techniques required for the modern professional accountant. The broad range of subjects gives a depth of high quality relevant knowledge which can be applied throughout your chosen career. In the course of studies students have ……………………………to complete all examination papers from the dateof registration. There are two examination sessions per year -……………………………… Up to four papers can be taken in a singleexamination session, but papers must be taken in order. Papers are generally chosen from…………………………: auditing or accounting. In particular they cover: preparing financial statements, financial reporting, audit and internal review, audit and assurance services, advanced corporatereporting аs well as management accounting, management information systems, financial management, tax and tax planning. In addition to completing the examinations successfully, students are required to obtain ………………………………relevant supervised practicalexperience. While you can gain your practical experience for membership with any organisation, ACCA encourages all employers to obtain accreditation for the training of Chartered CertifiedAccountants. Employers who meet the required standards for accreditation are then rewarded with privileged access to training, information and services, helping them create the best training environment for their finance staff. This, in turn, benefits ACCA students training as well.

Obtain — получать While – пока Encourage–поощрять Internal — внутренний meet the required standards- отвечать требуемым стандартам reward with -награждать, поощрять access to training – доступ к обучению training environment – образовательное пространство in turn – в свою очередь

15. а. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. There are two examination sessions (per year, in a year, every year) in our college.

2. Our college (was found. was founded) in 1953.

3. Up to four papers can be taken in a (one, single, the only)examination session

4.Our college (sees, answers, meets) the required standards for accreditation to training.

5.A corporation is (an institution, an institute, an office) established for profit.

6. Students gain practical (background, experience, experiment) in accounting organizations.

7. Our college prepares (fashionable, modern, contemporary) professional accountants.

8. Our college provides the broad range of (classes, lessons, subjects).

9.Our college creates the best training environment for (his, its) students.

10. Our college syllabus (program, curriculum) aims at preparing good specialists for Gazprom.

Учим термины.

198. Career — карьера

199. Experience- опыт

200. Internal review – внутренний обзор (проверка)

201.accreditation — аккредитация

202.privilege- привилегия

203. benefit – выгода, пособие, прибыль, способствовать

follow by – следовать за the Royal Charter – королевская хартия was granted to- была пожалована society – общество Shortly afterwards – вскоре после этого Similar – подобный Throughout – во всем World — мир eventually everywhere – в конце концов повсюду there are – есть, существовать create – создавать quite separate from one another – довольно независимы друг от друга  

16. Прочитайте следующий текст и переведите его на русский язык.